RINJANI TREKKING INFORMATION
RINJANI TREKKING VIA SENARU
RINJANI TREKKING VIA SEMBALUN
FAST BOAT BALI TO LOMBOK
Mount Rinjani National Park
Mount Rinjani & Segara Anak Crater Lake
Standing at a majestic 3726 m, Mt. Rinjani located in the
North of Lombok, is the second highest peak in Indonesia.
For the people of Lombok, Sasak and Balinese alike, this
mountain is a sacred place where, at the summit, the holy
A large crater lake Segara Anak, located at 2000 m above sea
level is the destination of many pilgrims, who make the
annual trek up the steep slopes in order to place offerings
to the gods in the lake itself. Within this breathtaking
crater lake has appeared a new and active volcano, Mt.
Barujari. On the north side of the lake is a hot spring (one
of 4 Segara Anak hot springs found there) which is said to
To climb such an impressive mountain is an unforgettable
experience. Starting points for such a trek can begin at
Senaru in the North (or from Sembalun from the east) this
two or three day trek attacks Rinjani from the West with a
descent to the awesome crater lake before again climbing up
and out and on to the summit.
A model for ecotourism in Indonesia, the community-based
activities are focused on the Rinjani Trek Centre in Senaru,
the most popular starting point for the tough trek.
Developed with New Zealand Government assistance since 1999,
the Rinjani Trek Centre embodies under one roof (satu atap)
the unique partnership of the National Park, tourism
industry and local communities that has been forged to
manage and protect the Rinjani mountain environment.
Rinjani volcano towers over the beautiful island of Lombok
in West Nusa Tenggara province. Rising from the sparkling
rice terraces to a dizzying height of 3,726 meters, it is
the second-highest volcanic peak in Indonesia.
Only Gunung Kerinci in Sumatra is higher, at 3805 metres.
Unlike the smooth cones of Bali and Java, Rinjani is more a
massif than a single peak: the huge crater is some six
kilometres across, and shelters a deep lake.
Rinjani volcano on the island of Lombok rises to 3726 m,
second in height among Indonesian volcanoes only to
Sumatra's Kerinci volcano. Rinjani has a steep-sided conical
profile when viewed from the east, but the west side of the
compound volcano is truncated by the 6 x 8.5 km, oval-shaped
Segara Anak caldera. The western half of the caldera
contains a 230-m-deep lake whose crescentic form results
from growth of the post-caldera cone Barujari at the east
end of the caldera. Historical eruptions at Rinjani dating
back to 1847 have been restricted to Barujari cone and
consist of moderate explosive activity and occasional lava
flows that have entered Segara Anak lake.
The whole of the Rinjani area was gazetted as a national
park in 1997, and the mountain is one of the most prized
trekking destinations in Southeast Asia.
Rinjani is located in a caldera 2.4 km by 4.8 km in size.
There are two active centres located in the eastern part of
caldera - Barujari and Rombongan cones.
Segara Anak Lake is situated inside the caldera.
On 3 November 1994, a cold lahar from the summit area of
Rinjani Volcano traveled down the Kokok Jenggak River.
Thirty people from the village of Aikmel who were collecting
water from the river were killed.
Eruptions of Rinjani Volcano
2004, 1994, 1966, 1965, 1953, 1949-50, 1944-45, 1941?, 1915,
1909, 1906, 1901, 1900, 1884, 1847
We can manage the transport to Senaru or Sembalun Lawang.
These two village can be reached by private and charter
vehicle, or by public bus. Form the west, catch a bemo to
Anyar, from where bemos travel to Senaru about every 20
minutes until 4 pm. If you are coming from, or going to,
eastern Lombok, get off at the junction near Bayan (your
driver will know it), from where bemos go to Senaru. To
Sembalun Lawang and Sembalun Bumbun, from Kali Putih to the
north, a few bemos run along the rough road to both
villages, usually only in the morning.
Segara Anak Lake
Segara Anak Lake is so wide it appears like the sea with its
blue water. The name Segara Anak means child of the sea.
Segara Anak Lake holds various mysteries and invisible
Eternal Flower or Edelweis
The plant or the flowers should not be taken because it
grows in the park and in the mysterious world of the spirit
kingdom. In the past, someone who wanted this flower must be
brave enough to fight and gamble his soul. That is why the
flower is called Sandar Nyawa. The flower has never wilted
and is as old as the mysterious spirits.
The Peak of Rinjani
The people of Lombok believe that the peak of Mt. Rinjani is
where Dewi Anjani, the queen spirit and ruler of Mt. Rinjani
lives. To the south-east from the peak in a sea of dust
called Segara Muncar is the invisible palace of the queen
Dewi Anjani and her followers.
Mount Baru Jari
Gunung Baru is the name of the new volcano which emerged in
the center of Segara Anak Lake. People believe that Gunung
Baru is the navel of Mt. Rinjani. That is why if Gunung Baru
erupted it will not harm the people of Lombok unless the
eruption is from the peak of Mt. Rinjani.